Guidelines for contributors

We welcome papers and short communications on any aspect of seabird biology, conservation, identification, and status. These will be peer-reviewed. The geographical focus of the journal is the Atlantic Ocean and adjacent seas, but contributions are also welcome from other parts of the world provided they are of general interest.

Contributions must be in English, and authors whose first language is not English are encouraged to have the paper edited by a native English speaker prior to submission. Similarly, authors with little experience of writing a formal paper are advised to show the draft to a more experienced colleague for comment before first submission. Submissions must be made electronically: via email or provided on a CD, preferably as a Microsoft Word file (97 - 2003 version - .doc). At the final proof stage, only essential corrections can be made.

The title should be short and concise, and a proposal for a 'running head' is welcomed. Authors' names should be given below the title of the paper, with addresses (including the email address of the correspondence author, who should be indicated with an asterisk). For full-length papers, divisions should include: Abstract, Introduction, Methods, Results, Discussion, Acknowledgements, and References; avoid too many subdivisions within these. The Abstract (not exceeding 250 words) should reflect both content and emphasis of the paper. It must be easy to read, emphasising biologically relevant findings, while touching only slightly on methods. The Introduction should be restricted to the context, scope, purpose, and the rationale of the study. The Methods should be limited to the information on what is essential to judge whether the findings are valid. The Results should be used to convey the key findings of your study, using tables, graphs and be supported by appropriate statistical tests. The Discussion should be limited to the main contributions of the study in relation to the findings of previous workers. Restrict speculation to what can be supported with reasonable evidence; assertions made in the paper that are not supported by your data must be justified by appropriate references. Acknowledge only those who contributed substantially to the paper, or data collection. Avoid repetition and verbosity; while individual manuscripts will vary in length, submissions exceeding 8-9,000 words are likely to require editing down.

Cited literature should be restricted to significant, published papers, or publicly available reports; avoid over-referencing. Check your citations carefully against the reference list and vice versa. Examples of literature cited in the text: (O'Connor 1984), (Baudinette & Schmidt-Nielsen 1974) or, in case of more than two authors (Pettifor et al. 1988). References in the text should be in order of year of publication, and then by alphabetical order of the author, e.g. (Brown 1974; Anthony et al. 1981; Harris 1981). In the reference list the literature cited should be in alphabetical order. Titles should be given in the original language, and journal titles cited in full. Please check the precise wording of title and journal. Please give page numbers for book chapters or species accounts. The publisher and location should be indicated for Books and Reports. Examples:

Asbirk S. 1978. Tejsten Cepphus grylle som ynglefugl i Danmark. Dansk Ornitologisk Forenings Tidssdkrift 72: 161-178.

Bogdanova, M. I., Daunt, F., Newell, M., Phillips, R. A., Harris, M. P. & Wanless, S. 2011. Seasonal interactions in the black-legged kittiwake Rissa tridactyla: links between breeding performance and winter distribution. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: published online doi:10.1098/rspb.2010.2601

Cramp, S. & Simmons, K. E. L. (eds.) 1977. The Birds of the Western Palearctic. Vol. I. Oxford University Press, Oxford.

Ewins, P. J. 1986. 'The ecology of Black Guillemots Cepphus grylle in Shetland'. PhD thesis, University of Oxford.

Harris, M. P. & Wanless, S. 2004. Atlantic Puffin Fratercula arctica. In: Mitchell, P. I., Newton, S. F., Ratcliffe, N. & Dunn, T. E. (eds.) Seabird populations of Britain and Ireland: 392-406. Poyser, London.

Montevecchi, W. A., Garthe, S. & Davoren, G. K. 2006. Biophysical influences on seabird trophic assessments. In: Boyd, I. L., Wanless, S. & Camphuysen, C. J. (eds.) Top Predators in Marine Ecosystems: 118-130. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

O'Brien, S. H., Mitchell, P. I., Parsons, M. & Mavor, R. A. 2003. 'Seabird monitoring on St Kilda in 2003.' Unpublished JNCC Report, Aberdeen.

Van Eerden, M. R. & Voslamber, B. 1995. Mass fishing by Cormorants Phalacrocorax carbo sinensis at lake IJsselmeer, The Netherlands: a recent and successful adaptation to a turbid environment. Ardea 83: 199-212.

All text should be in upper and lower case, and un-formatted; capitals, underscores, bullets, indentations and tabs should not be used in the text. Headings should be in bold, sub-headings in bold italic. Use single spaces between sentences. Avoid formatted breaks between paragraphs; use single 'hard return' spaces. On first mention, a species should be referred to by its vernacular name, followed by its systematic binomial name in italics, using the naming conventions of the official British List http://www.bou.org.uk/british-list. Capitals should be used for the initial letters of all single words and hyphenated vernacular names of species (e.g. Great Black-backed Gull, White-bellied Storm-petrel) but not for group names (e.g. grebes, gulls, corvids). Foreign words, other than those that have been adopted into English, should be in italics. Units and abbreviations should conform to the S.I. system (International System of Units) where possible. Use 0.01 and not .01, or 0,01. Use 50%, not 50 percent.

Legends for Figures / Tables / photographs should be positioned within the text on a line of their own to indicate preferred position for final layout. Legends for Figures and Tables should also be added at the end of the manuscript on a separate page. In addition to the embedded figure, table or photograph, we need to receive an electronic copy, and also we need to receive raw data underlying Figures on file (preferably in Excel). Each Figure and Table should be on a separate page at the end of the document. Use Arial font for lettering within Figures and realise that the diagram may have to be reduced in size. Maps should be proviced in a vector format (e.g. pdf or Adobe Illustrator format). Tables should be concise and self-explanatory and have only horizontal lines. Use tabs, rather than spaces to separate columns for tables. Photographs need high contrast and should be supplied in their most original form i.e. the original, un-cropped, unaltered camera files where possible, or if not, TIFF files of at least 20cm and 300dpi. Location, date and photographer should be indicated.

Details of statistical analysis, which should always be included, are type of test, the value of the relevant test statistic, the sample size and/or degrees of freedom and the probability level. Commonplace statistical abbreviations such as ANOVA, SD, SE, CI, df, t-test, X2, F, P, n, r, should be used. A post-fix to the test statistic symbol can be used to present the degrees of freedom, e.g. F12,34. and where appropriate, include a reference for the statistic used. Variables and mathematical formulas should be in italics.